Il m’a tout donné en vrac.
eel mah too dun-nay ah VRAACK. Click below to hear this.
In yesterday’s post I gave you en vrac. Today I want to show you some annoying ways to mess around with the word order.
Here’s the sentence we started with: Il m’a tout donné (he gave it all to me) is Subject – Indirect Object – Auxiliary Verb – Direct Object – Participle. (Don’t worry about en vrac; in all these examples, it will go at the end of the sentence.)
If you substitute a noun for tout (the direct object), the order changes: Il m’a donné les papiers (he gave me the papers). That’s Subject – Indirect Object – Auxiliary Verb – Participle – Direct Object.
And another change gives us Il a donné les papiers à Marianne (he gave the papers to Marianne), it becomes Subject – Auxiliary Verb – Participle – Direct Object – Indirect Object (in a prepositional phrase).
And if we change tout to le (it instead of everything), we get Il me l’a donné. now the word order is Subject – Indirect Object – Direct Object – Auxiliary Verb – Participle.
I’ve given you the examples en vrac, but this business of word order with objects and compound verbs warrants a little more explanation. I’ll come back to it another day!
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